Abstract

This paper introduces the development of LWD and geosteering in China, and gives the key technologies of the geosteering software developed by China university of petroleum: the well site LWD data real-time receiving, interpretation, 2D and 3D visualization and formation model updating. At last, one and validity of the independent property rights software.

Keywords

Logging while drilling geosteering, visualization, real,

Reference

  •  1) Mickael M., Phelps D. and Jones D. Design, calibration, characterization, and field experience of new high-temperature, azimuthal, and spectral gamma-ray logging-while-drilling tools. SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 29 September - 2 October, 2002. San Antonio, Texas (SPE 77481-MS).

  •  2) Wheeler A.J., Billings T., Rennie A. et al. The introduction of an at-bit natural gamma-ray imaging tool reduces risk associated with real-time geosteering decisions in coalbed methane horizontal wells. SPWLA 53rd Annual Logging Symposium, 16-20 June 2012. Cartagena, Colombia (SPWLA 2012-167).

  •  3) Rosthal R.A., Young R.A., Lovell J.R. et al. Formation evaluation and geological interpretation from the resistivity-at-the-bit tool. SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 22-25 October 1995. Dallas, Texas (SPE 30550-MS).

  •  4) Bazara M., Maalouf J., Al-Sharafi M. et al. Logging while drilling resistivity images for geosteering. 18th Middle East Oil & Gas Show and Conference (MEOS), 10-13 Mar 2013. Bahrain International Exhibition Centre, Manama, Bahrain (SPE 164220-MS).

  •  5) Tang X.M., Patterson D. and Wu L. Measurement of formation permeability using Stoneley waves from an LWD acoustic tool. Petrophysics. 2010. 51(2): 66-74.

  •  6) Heaton N., Jain V., Boling B. et al. New generation magnetic resonance while drilling. SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 8-10 October 2012. San Antonio, Texas, USA (SPE 160022-MS).

  •  7) Saikia K. Real-time modeling-while-drilling for optimized geosteering and enhanced horizontal well placement in thin and complex reservoirs. 6th International Petroleum Technology Conference, 26-28 Mar 2013. Beijing, China (IPTC 16715).

  •  8) Swire P., Badr Y., Ramadan Z.J. et al. Steering with the multifunction LWD tool achieves optimum results in high structural uncertainty field in Egypt. 18th Middle East Oil & Gas Show and Conference (MEOS), 10-13 Mar 2013. Bahrain International Exhibition Centre, Manama, Bahrain (SPE 164282-MS).

  •  9) Liu S., Lucas J.L., Plemons P.A. et al. Challenges to geosteering and completion optimization of horizontal wells in the Cotton Valley Formation, East Texas. 2013 SPE Middle East Unconventional Gas Conference & Exhibition, 28-30 Jan 2013. Muscat, Sultanate of Oman (SPE 163979-MS).

  •  10) http://www. slb.com/services/drilling/mwd_lwd.aspx.

  •  11) http://home.sprynet.com/~carob/.

  •  12) Jones A., Ohlund J. Network Programming for Microsoft Windows. Microsoft Press, Redmond, Washington, 2002.

  •  13) Chabuel H.T., Fejerskov M. Geosteering Diagnosis: A New Approach to Monitor the Well Position Within a 3D Geological Model. SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, USA, September 2006: SPE 102602-MS.

  •  14) Shao Cairui, Zhang Fuming, Chen Guoxing, etc. Study of real-time LWD data visual interpretationmand geo-steering technology. Pet.Sci.(2013)10:477-485.

  •  15) Sawaryn S.J. and Thorogood J.L. A compendium of directional calculations based on the minimum curvature method. SPE Drilling & Completion. March 2005. 20(1): 24-36 (SPE 84246-PA).

  •  16) Simandoux P. Dielectric measurements in porous media and application to shaly formations. Revue de. L’Institut Franfais du Petrole. 1963. Suppl. Issue: 193-215.

  •  17) Archie G.E. The electrical resistivity log as an aid in determining some reservoir characteristics. Transactions of the AIME. 1942. 146(1): 54-62.

  •  18) SHAO Cai-Rui, CAO Xian-Jun, etc. A fast forwrd alogrithm for LWD gamma-ray response and its geosteering application. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 2013. 56(11):3932-3942.

  •  19) Efnik M.S., Hamawi M., Al-Shamri A. et al. Using new advances in LWD technology for geosteering and geologic modeling. Middle East Drilling Technology Conference, 8-10 November 1999. Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (SPE/IADC 57537).

  •  20) Pitcher J., Schafer D., Botterell P. A New Azimuthal Gamma at Bit Imaging Tool for Geosteering Thin Reservoirs. SPE/IADC Drilling Conference and Exhibition, 2009.

  •  21) Magdi Bazara, Janine Maalouf, Mohamed Al-Sharafi, etc. Loggin While Drilling Resistivity Image for Geosteering. SPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference held in Manama, Bahrain, 10-13 March 2013. (SPE 164220).

Каротаж в процессе бурения и технология управляемой проводки наклонно направленных и горизонтальных скважин

Шумилов А.В. Шао Цайжуй Цао Сяньцзюнь Чжан Фумин

Аннотация

Настоящая статья знакомит с развитием каротажа в процессе бурения и управляемой проводки наклонно направленного и горизонтального бурения в Китае, а также представляет ключевые технологии программного обеспечения геонавигации, разработанного в Китайском нефтяном университете. В их числе - получение данных каротажа в процессе бурения непосредственно на буровой площадке в режиме реального времени, интерпретация, двух- и трехмерная визуализация и обновление модели пласта. В заключение приводится пример применения программного обеспечения в полевых условиях для демонстрации его работоспособности и достоверности полученных результатов.

Финансирование

Данная исследовательская работа спонсировалась China National Science and Technology Major Projects of Oil & Gas (2011ZX05009-003), а также некоторыми структурами CNPC и SINOPEC. Авторы выражают благодарность спонсорам за помощь.

Ключевые слова

Геонавигация системой каротажа в процессе бурения, визуализация, регистрация параметров в режиме реального времени, интерпретация, обновление модели пласта,

Информация об авторах

Библиографическая ссылка

Шумилов А.В. Шао Цайжуй Цао Сяньцзюнь Чжан Фумин Каротаж в процессе бурения и технология управляемой проводки наклонно направленных и горизонтальных скважин // Геофизика. 2014. № 5. С. 68-75.

Список литературы

  •  1) Mickael M., Phelps D. and Jones D. Design, calibration, characterization, and field experience of new high-temperature, azimuthal, and spectral gamma-ray logging-while-drilling tools. SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 29 September - 2 October, 2002. San Antonio, Texas (SPE 77481-MS).

  •  2) Wheeler A.J., Billings T., Rennie A. et al. The introduction of an at-bit natural gamma-ray imaging tool reduces risk associated with real-time geosteering decisions in coalbed methane horizontal wells. SPWLA 53rd Annual Logging Symposium, 16-20 June 2012. Cartagena, Colombia (SPWLA 2012-167).

  •  3) Rosthal R.A., Young R.A., Lovell J.R. et al. Formation evaluation and geological interpretation from the resistivity-at-the-bit tool. SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 22-25 October 1995. Dallas, Texas (SPE 30550-MS).

  •  4) Bazara M., Maalouf J., Al-Sharafi M. et al. Logging while drilling resistivity images for geosteering. 18th Middle East Oil & Gas Show and Conference (MEOS), 10-13 Mar 2013. Bahrain International Exhibition Centre, Manama, Bahrain (SPE 164220-MS).

  •  5) Tang X.M., Patterson D. and Wu L. Measurement of formation permeability using Stoneley waves from an LWD acoustic tool. Petrophysics. 2010. 51(2): 66-74.

  •  6) Heaton N., Jain V., Boling B. et al. New generation magnetic resonance while drilling. SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 8-10 October 2012. San Antonio, Texas, USA (SPE 160022-MS).

  •  7) Saikia K. Real-time modeling-while-drilling for optimized geosteering and enhanced horizontal well placement in thin and complex reservoirs. 6th International Petroleum Technology Conference, 26-28 Mar 2013. Beijing, China (IPTC 16715).

  •  8) Swire P., Badr Y., Ramadan Z.J. et al. Steering with the multifunction LWD tool achieves optimum results in high structural uncertainty field in Egypt. 18th Middle East Oil & Gas Show and Conference (MEOS), 10-13 Mar 2013. Bahrain International Exhibition Centre, Manama, Bahrain (SPE 164282-MS).

  •  9) Liu S., Lucas J.L., Plemons P.A. et al. Challenges to geosteering and completion optimization of horizontal wells in the Cotton Valley Formation, East Texas. 2013 SPE Middle East Unconventional Gas Conference & Exhibition, 28-30 Jan 2013. Muscat, Sultanate of Oman (SPE 163979-MS).

  •  10) http://www. slb.com/services/drilling/mwd_lwd.aspx.

  •  11) http://home.sprynet.com/~carob/.

  •  12) Jones A., Ohlund J. Network Programming for Microsoft Windows. Microsoft Press, Redmond, Washington, 2002.

  •  13) Chabuel H.T., Fejerskov M. Geosteering Diagnosis: A New Approach to Monitor the Well Position Within a 3D Geological Model. SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, USA, September 2006: SPE 102602-MS.

  •  14) Shao Cairui, Zhang Fuming, Chen Guoxing, etc. Study of real-time LWD data visual interpretationmand geo-steering technology. Pet.Sci.(2013)10:477-485.

  •  15) Sawaryn S.J. and Thorogood J.L. A compendium of directional calculations based on the minimum curvature method. SPE Drilling & Completion. March 2005. 20(1): 24-36 (SPE 84246-PA).

  •  16) Simandoux P. Dielectric measurements in porous media and application to shaly formations. Revue de. L’Institut Franfais du Petrole. 1963. Suppl. Issue: 193-215.

  •  17) Archie G.E. The electrical resistivity log as an aid in determining some reservoir characteristics. Transactions of the AIME. 1942. 146(1): 54-62.

  •  18) SHAO Cai-Rui, CAO Xian-Jun, etc. A fast forwrd alogrithm for LWD gamma-ray response and its geosteering application. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 2013. 56(11):3932-3942.

  •  19) Efnik M.S., Hamawi M., Al-Shamri A. et al. Using new advances in LWD technology for geosteering and geologic modeling. Middle East Drilling Technology Conference, 8-10 November 1999. Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (SPE/IADC 57537).

  •  20) Pitcher J., Schafer D., Botterell P. A New Azimuthal Gamma at Bit Imaging Tool for Geosteering Thin Reservoirs. SPE/IADC Drilling Conference and Exhibition, 2009.

  •  21) Magdi Bazara, Janine Maalouf, Mohamed Al-Sharafi, etc. Loggin While Drilling Resistivity Image for Geosteering. SPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference held in Manama, Bahrain, 10-13 March 2013. (SPE 164220).